Nephrectomy is the surgical removal of a kidney.


There are various indications for this procedure, such as renal cell carcinoma, a non-functioning kidney (which may cause high blood pressure) and a congenitally small kidney (in which the kidney is swelling, causing it to press on nerves which can cause pain in unrelated areas such as the back). Nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma is rapidly being modified to allow partial removal of the kidney. Nephrectomy is also performed for the purpose of living donor kidney transplantation. Partial Nephrectomy has also been performed to repair injury e.g. rupture, caused by trauma such as falls and motor vehicle accidents.

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